This may be an appropriate number for a systematic review, where you need to ensure your search is very comprehensive.However, if your search retrieves several irrelevant results, techniques can be used make your search more effective. Final refined research question: INSERT QUESTION HERE . Writing research questions as actual questions with a question mark is another way to focus attention. Does the question help to answer their research question? 131 Example 7.1 A Qualitative Central Question From an Ethnography Finders (1996) used ethnographic procedures to document the reading of teen magazines by middle-class European American seventh-grade girls. Aspect or sub-area: Consider only one piece of the subject. Some Examples Develop Research Questions Describes the importance of creating questions to guide research, provides insight on how to develop these questions, and includes many examples. Is therapeutic exercise of benefit in improving activity and increasing societal participation for people who Formulating a Research Question Every research project starts with a question. Relevant research questions also leads to quality improvement, more precision and accuracy in treatment effects, and make a meaningful contribution to a given body of knowledge. All research questions should be: The specificity of a well-developed research question helps writers avoid the “all-about” paper and work toward supporting a specific, arguable thesis. A research problem is a definite or clear expression [statement] about an area of concern, a condition to be improved upon, a difficulty to be eliminated, or a troubling question that exists in scholarly literature, in theory, or within existing practice that points to a need for meaningful understanding and deliberate investigation. x�XMs7��W�E�V����e7�+��$V��AaFS"�T\���3�5��eͰ��ݯ1�(��G��VK��dd4Ye|�wZ�;�^���w#=��ww�c���5�yX��S�Cl'��|e��1S"�4� :&�wIS���|H�F����N��s���m2�S:E'ɫl�s�+\=���7q�Yȧt��k����V�:��C&�2őGYBs�E��O�ȷ���(Q^��^��m�(cpQ���`8�,o�8S%OAh�e�^��.��u�-��z+M��R��d�0�c����r�y��~!��k��T�β�蠰��fA�Ul���� V�[���n��~?>�=���S�8u�qFԔ�ڏ�\�Y'I9�d%��~k�O�f#��I\�t�w�������~����ZB�h����O���hR6��cY >��V�dtF5�9��. Once you have chosen a general topic idea the next step is to refine your topic and ulitmately to formulate a research question. Before looking at how to turn such ideas into empirically testable research questions, it is worth looking at where such ideas come from in the first place. Developing*and*Refining*a** ResearchQuestion(! This resulted in 85 ‘gold’ questions, 39 ‘silver’ questions and 38 ‘bronze’ questions that were further refined, rephrased and shortlisted to the final 100 during the plenary session (Fig. )/����C�]r@j�$&��4d�q4]h����*� Tap your available resources—your daily work and the wonderings that arise from it. Below are examples of research questions that aim to determine correlations or relationships between variables using a combination of the variables mentioned in research outcome numbers 1 and 2. The goal of research in this area would be to assess whether medical Examples of research questions Systematic reviews The research questions for this review were: 1. Research questions help writers focus their research by providing a path through the research and writing process. 1C). Examples: It’s important to spend some time assessing and refining your question … Remember that the final decision is yours. Start doing some exploratory, in-depth research. A good research question is essential to guide your research paper, project or thesis. 4 0 obj List questions about the area of interest you discovered. Revising the Research Question. _____ Step 2 - Answer two questions Before writing a more sophisticated thesis statement, answer the following questions IN WRITING. How might the sources inform or challenge your approach to your research question? You will have to decide which advice for revision is useful and to the point and which is not. By exam- So, looking at your background research, you have determined that this is the area on which you wish to focus. This final list of questions was subsequently edited by JAO, LBF, JG, NR and DH and then circulated for final editing by the remaining authors. Background questions. There is an inclination to state the area of research, rather than conceptualise the topic as a question. Essential Question: My Research Question: Comments: AFTER you read through all the comments…write your NEW, REFINED, research question on the back of this paper, and come show Lori! Review or report questions are typically answered with what is generally known about a fairly narrow topic. 3. question. Revised on October 22, 2020. In terms of research questions, these, too, can be emergent. 2. Whenbeginning!anyresearchproject,thefirst!crucial! For many academic courses, a major portion of your grade will depend on the successful completion of a project requiring library research, and since you will probably devote a significant amount of time and effort to … %��������� Posted on September 27, 2013 by karolynlam. %PDF-1.3 @��/ȝ��,9H�5,���qU�̿�v���^vˑ %^��X���w�V( @�%�ϥ�?�YG��N2̗����p�x�'K2.�{"�)�j��)xQ��Ԥ�x�$���Q8���@@�5J ��P�:Hȉ]g�$@v���! Refined Research Question. 1. As well, if your research topic is too narrow, it will be difficult to find enough research material and write an adequately in-depth paper. Research questions are open-ended and require a variety of accumulated data to develop an answer. Refining your research question can be a very important aspect – if your research question is too broad, it will be difficult to cover the topic in your research paper. As you look for relevant sources, such as scholarly articles and books, refine your topic based on what you find. Revised on June 5, 2020. The first question could serve as the overarching question, followed by sub-questions referring to different examples of health problems. Use a friendly colleague as a sounding board. Tips for Selecting a Research Topic. Time: Limit the time span you examine. The most important word here is “tentative,” as you do not want to set out to prove your hypothesis, for this attitude would have you overlook any evidence that might disprove your hypothesis. The goal of the research is stated in broad terms and covers the topic that interests you. The outcome of research questions in this category will be to explain correlations or causality. If you continue to have difficulties defining a topic talk to your instructor or a librarian. questionis“How!canI!refine!my!topic!ofstudyintoa! The question you start with isn’t set in stone, but will almost certainly be revisited and revised as you read. Refined Thesis Statement _____ Step 1 - Find your working thesis statement. :�Q&���H���m���xW8za��1�O�L����/ڇ���>\��9t:��t�}��a�o'4J��Sx~��"F�H��� �`�U���^��*�B�ha�-���تR�-@���^���\p[m X�X'��~>a5 ��m�Q��밷-�{�U]�{O]��x����G� P� �����R�]6�BP�y�"y�O���Ԕ�C��G�o�jFyu>��c��РA��U4���V'+�� For example, if your topic concerns cloning, examine the theories surrounding of the high rate of failures in animal cloning. It pinpoints exactly what you want to find out and gives your work a clear focus and purpose. For example, key data may be lacking, or a new study is published that challenges some presumptions you had. The answers must be in writing. 2. << Restate your question in terms of what you hypothesize might happen and in a format that is “testable” using a research methodology>> SPECIFIC AIMS: << List a few specific goals that can be accomplished, within the scope of your project, and that would shed light on your question.>> Example 1 – Educational RCT: RESEARCH QUESTION The process of crafting a good research question can begin with writing down a qualitative purpose statement regarding your research. For instance, after doing research on censorship, you discover a current controversy involving censorship of the Internet. A good research question is not permanent. While examining sources, consider how others discuss the topic. The following are examples of qualita tive research questions drawn from several types of strategies. Ask for general knowledge of disease processes or clinical contexts; they ask "who, what, when, why, where or how" about a single disease, drug, intervention or concept. Published on April 16, 2019 by Shona McCombes. 1201 Albrecht Boulevard Dept #2080 PO Box 6050 Fargo, ND 58108-6050 Formulating Your Research Question (RQ) In a research paper, the emphasis is on generating a unique question and then synthesizing diverse sources into a coherent essay that supports your argument about the topic. Research question examples. Example Research Questions Please consider the following in your comments: 1. Wherever that very simple thesis statement you used to guide the research is, pull it out. For example, if your topic is human cloning, investigate government regulation of cloning. For example, let's say you are given the topic, 'restorative justice'. Developing strong research questions. For example, one of the ongoing topics in recent years is whether medical marijuana has any place in the mainstream medical world. In other words, you integrate information from publications with your own thoughts in order to formulate an argument. The research question is one of the most important parts of your research project, thesis or dissertation. ! ("Could liberalization of drug laws reduce crime in the U.S.?") Research questions should not be answerable with a simple “yes” or “no” or by easily-found facts and should, instead, require both research and analysis on the part of the writer (York University, 2013) Checklist of evaluation questions. There are a number of ways to focus this interest even further into a research question. Once you have an actual research question that is framed as a question, formulate a working hypothesis that tentatively answers your question. Identifying your research question is a process which takes time. Published on April 18, 2019 by Shona McCombes. Your question will allow you to select, evaluate and interpret your sources systematically. << /Length 5 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode >> Secondary sources such as textbooks, nursing reference sources and review articles can provide relevant and reliable answers quickly. The thinking entailed in that exercise may lead them to a better place for refining research questions. In fact, you may not settle on a final research question until something jumps out of your data toward the very end of your analysis. Is therapeutic exercise of benefit in reducing impairment for people who would be expected to consult a physiotherapist? Searches can often produce large numbers of results. Strategies for working toward a research question ! Consider the points below to keep your research focused and on track. Do not be afraid to modify your research question, revising it as you investigate it more. ("What is the rationale for California's "3 strikes" sentencing policy?") stream ,W���^0lP�0��P�V����\'�Ǔ �a�1��fL���-;�9��+�� ��w�N%��w�ۇRW����wy����>�t��mgҩ�?�vk��H%����nMjcYJ p�I �nNܑZ���ʵ�w��%N�Z��!^�� o`P7�Y�����/�[#��Db9�;�~^�2>�Y��x��ך� ���9�jH����E%�7{Bs�/�o. ! Relevant research questions influence clinical practice, change protocols, and improve upon patient outcomes. Research questions often begin as more general research ideas—usually focusing on some behaviour or psychological characteristic: talkativeness, learning, depression, bungee jumping, and so on. {��@ͣ�td���A���}x��02�BS� �J�'�I9�u�B/�mтQ�0�H$Br�)f��D�f��\��Jh\��}��*�|�yt� {�3`q��(h�L�b�F�gE��UŞGt�x-=��b�[�nE��U��i�I6cE�`9ǻr�.�pha�S�@� nt��"aRց}D�嚩4�A���b�):�&��!�gb���R���9s�`dУ�EB �l�@�Ѡ. Is the question clear, focused, and complex? You may be given a topic by your instructor or you may come up with a question of your own. 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