#1 – Allusion An allusion is a literary device that basically indirectly refers to external people, events, or things , such as in the real world, or in another story. Character flaws turn your ideas into three-dimensional people. The AP® English Literature rhetorical terms defined and described below are only a sampling of the many concepts that could appear on the test. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Learn more…, Find the perfect editor for your next book. ELEGY a poem of mourning, usually about someone who has died. Often, this is a sign that you should trim your work to remove the redundancy (such as “frozen ice”) but can also be used for poetic emphasis. Match. When to use Literary Terms. 30 Literary Devices You Should Know . By learning how to master literary devices, writers can take their work from good to extraordinary. This is usually a mistake, such as an author writing a period piece and accidentally using language that’s too modern. Although it sounds very close to “elegy,” the two concepts are different in that “eulogy” almost always refers to an actual speech at an actual funeral, whereas an elegy is just a work of art that can appear at any time. Thir wis a time ah used tae say tae aw the teachers, bosses, dole punters, poll-tax guys, magistrates, when they telt me ah was deficient: ’Hi, cool it, gadge, ah’m jist me, jist intae a different sort ay gig fae youse but, ken?’”. Click on any of the 136 terms … This depends. A song or poem that tells a story in short stanzas and repeated simple words… If Shakespeare is the king of metaphors, Michael Scott is the king of malapropisms. Stephen Greenblatt et al. Connotative words, sensory images, and figurative language contribute to the mood of a selection, as do the sound and rhythm of the language. Example: "Parting is such sweet sorrow.” — Romeo and Juliet by Shakespeare. expository guide to literary criticism or literary concepts, nor does it attempt to catalogue the entire body of literary terms in use. Hypophora is much like a rhetorical question, wherein someone asks a question that doesn't require an answer. Created: Nov 27, 2012 | Updated: Jul 6, 2016. Tragicomedy is just what it sounds like: a blend of tragedy and comedy. "Analogy Examples and Definition - Literary Devices", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Glossary_of_literary_terms&oldid=993318041, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 00:20. We'll also note that some literary devices double as rhetorical devices, which are used to convey meaning and/or persuade readers on a certain point. Reedsy is more than just a blog. Indeed, some devices show up so frequently, you may not even register them as you're reading! Short Story - a type of fictional narrative story usually written in prose; often shorter in length and focuses on one event, character, or incident It’s often used when characters are reasoning something aloud. Examples are: Pitter, patter. Amusingly, onomatopoeia (itself a difficult-to-pronounce word) refers to words that sound like the thing they’re referring to. Literary Terms; Poetry Lesson. Anaphora is the repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of a series of clauses or sentences. Repetition, repetition, repetition… where would we be without it? December 20, 2018 November 6, 2019 Literary Devices. A simile draws resemblance between two things by saying “Thing A is like Thing B,” or “Thing A is as [adjective] as Thing B.” Unlike a metaphor, a similar does not posit that these things are the same, only that they are alike. For example: Davidson Literary Devices, Techniques, and Elements Repetition: Where a specific word, phrase, or structure is repeated several times, to emphasize a particular idea. … List of Literary Devices: 31 Literary Terms You Should Know Allegory. So we made a comprehensive list of literary devices … 1. The repetition of same consonant sounds, usually at the beginning of words. alliteration - the repetition of similar initial consonant sounds in order to create a . Become a member today to discover how we can help you publish a beautiful book. Dramatic irony is when the readers know more about the situation going on than at least one of the characters involved. The observable or "physical" is usually described in concrete language. And if a standard metaphor doesn't do the trick, a writer can always try an extended metaphor: a metaphor that expands on the initial comparison through more elaborate parallels. This is when two or more phrases or clauses have similar structure, rhythm, and even length — such that, when stacked up on top of each other, they would line up perfectly. Flashbacks are also an interesting way to present exposition for your story, gradually revealing to the reader what happened in the past. As you'd likely expect, when it comes to literary devices, this one is a heavy hitter. (Find 100 more examples of oxymorons here.). Hyperbole is an exaggerated statement that emphasizes the significance of the statement’s actual meaning. I created this list for my high school students to use as review. , Examples: “You won’t be sorry” (meaning you’ll be happy); “you’re not wrong” (meaning you’re right); “I didn’t not like it” (meaning I did). 4.5 14 customer reviews. )" All day long he hears: Click, clack, moo. Gravity. The difference is that literary devices can be used to enhance writing in many different ways, not all of which involve trying to convince readers of something. For example: wailing in the winter wind. One popular novel that manages to employ this perspective successfully is Bright Lights, Big City by Jay McInerney: “You are not the kind of guy who would be at a place like this at this time of the morning. B. Soliloquy involves a character speaking their thoughts aloud, usually at length (and often in a Shakespeare play). A Dictionary of Literary Terms and Literary Theory. Chris Baldick (Oxford, 1990).More substantial (and also slightly more expensive) The Penguin Dictionary of Literary Terms and Literary Theory, 4th edition, ed. Example: "This is not Romeo, he's some other where." Over 500,000 authors trust the professionals on Reedsy, come meet them. Test. Synecdoche is the usage of a part to represent the whole. Write. Isocolon often crops up in brand slogans and famous sayings; the quick, balanced rhythm makes the phrase catchier and more memorable. Point of view is, of course, the mode of narration in a story. Example: Hamlet’s “to be or not to be” speech, in which he ruminates on the nature of life and death, is a classic dramatic soliloquy. Paraprosdokians are also delightful literary devices for creating surprise or intrigue. Michael Scott is the king of malapropisms, occasional repetition can be used quite effectively, 45+ literary devices to lend resonance to your writing #amwriting. Literary Terms. The right piece of book writing software can make all the difference. "A Dictionary of Literary Terms and Literary Theory." You’ll be a Freytag expert in no time! Well, because sometimes the best way for us to understand something is by understanding what it’s not. Most of the novel is the story he is telling, while the frame is any part that takes place in the inn. Spell. Example: In The Shining, Jack Torrance types over and over again on his pages,  “All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.” In this case, obsessive repetition demonstrates the character’s unraveling mind. AMAZING GLOSSARY OF LITERARY TERMS + EXAMPLES. Example: “Just before it was dark, as they passed a great island of Sargasso weed that heaved and swung in the light sea as though the ocean were making love with something under a yellow blanket, his small line was taken by a dolphin.” — The Old Man and the Sea by Ernest Hemingway. Irony creates a contrast between how things seem and how they really are. But when someone asks you, “What literary devices do you use the most in your writing?” you’re not sure how to answer. Colloquialisms help create believable dialogue: “Hey Sue, what’d you get up to last night? Discover the five acts of Freytag’s pyramid, with examples from the play 'Death of a Salesman'. Again, while the aforementioned anthropomorphism actually applies these traits to non-human things, personification means the behavior of the thing does not actually change. For a more complete glossary of terms relating to poetry in particular, see Glossary of poetry terms. [citation needed] Literary fiction has been defined as any fiction that attempts to engage with one or more truths or questions, hence relevant to a broad scope of humanity as a form of expression. Exposition is when the narrative provides background information in order to help the reader understand what’s going on. For a more complete glossary of terms relating to poetry in particular, see Glossary of poetry terms. Paradox derives from the Greek word paradoxon, which means “beyond belief.” It’s a statement that asks people to think outside the box by providing seemingly illogical — and yet actually true — premises. Try the Online Quiz on Poetry Terms to test your knowledge of these terms.You might also like to try the Online Quiz on Prosody to test your knowledge of scanning poetry. The Concise Dictionary of Literary Terms. (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paraprosdokian), "But whatever your motivation for learning them, you certainly won't be sorry you did! Splitter, splatter, down comes the rain - Chicky Chicky Chook Chook by … Some of those non-negotiable elements are a roof, walls, a kitchen, and a bathroom. Cuddon, J. (Stick with us, here.) Clickety, clack, moo.”. List of Literary Devices; What are literary devices? Allegory Examples Alliteration Examples Allusion Examples Analogy Examples Antecedents … Pit. Example: When vampires turn into bats, their bat form is an instance of zoomorphism. It’s not realistic. Key literary terms for seventh grade will vary by school, district and state. Created by. Chris Baldick. An allusion is a passing or indirect descriptive reference to something. What is It: A work that symbolizes or represents an idea or event. That said, there can still be quite a bit of overlap between the two. Literary devices are techniques that writers use to express their ideas and enhance their writing. They’re often used for contextual or clarifying details. This one is definitely for authors looking to add a bit of artistic flair to their writing, or who are hoping to portray a particular (usually naïve) sort of voice. Example: The novel Animal Farm by George Orwell is an allegory for the … Check out these 70 fascinating flaws to use in your own stories! It’s often seen in poetry and speeches, intended to provoke a emotional response in its audience. Imagery appeals to readers’ senses through highly descriptive language. "… and I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit together at the table of brotherhood. It’s crucial for any writer hoping to follow the rule of "show, don’t tell," as strong imagery truly paints a picture of the scene at hand. Again, they vary in terms of what they do: some of them relate to word usage and description, while others relate to how scenes play out. An archetype is a “universal symbol” that brings familiarity and context to a story. I hope that you slept well and are prepared for this morning’s science exam.”. This creates a difference between the ways the audience and the characters perceive unfolding events. Example: “Do you always watch for the longest day of the year and then miss it? This might be a symbol, concept, or image. Check out this post, which has 97 of ‘em! Examples: In Disney’s Beauty and the Beast, Mrs. Potts the teapot, Cogsworth the clock, and Lumière the candlestick are all household objects that act and behave like humans (which, of course, they were when they weren’t under a spell). No matter what, if you're looking to inject something special into your prose, literary devices are a great place to start. Similar to flashbacks (and often used in conjunction with them), this technique is also used to create tension or suspense — giving readers just enough breadcrumbs to keep them hungry for more. HELP WITH MY LITERARY ANALYSIS Two important and sound literature techniques exist for making the readers interested: the usage of professional literary … Studying These Terms. List of literary terms A. Example: In the opening lines of A Tale of Two Cities, Charles Dickens uses juxtaposition to emphasize the societal disparity that led to the French Revolution: “It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness, it was the epoch of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity, it was the season of Light, it was the season of Darkness…”, Litotes (pronounced lie-toe-teez) is the signature literary device of the double negative. An allegory is a story that is used to represent a more general message about real-life (historical) issues... Alliteration. Alliteration is a literary term that means two or more words in a row that all start with the same consonant sounds. Essential Literary Terms. The main purpose of adding this common rhetorical device to the story is to teach a certain lesson. A frame story is any part of the story that "frames" another part of it, such as one character telling another about their past, or someone uncovering a diary or a series of news articles that then tell the readers what happened. Blog Archetypes represent feelings and situations that are shared across cultures and time periods, and are therefore instantly recognizable to any audience — for instance, the innocent child character, or the theme of the inevitability of death. Now for the pièce de résistance: our full list of literary devices everyone should know. Literary devices are techniques used by writers to create a pointed effect in their writing and to help readers understand a text on a deeper level. Literary devices, including simile , allusion , and satire , not only give life to our words, but also make us … smarter? Here you will find a list literary devices with definitions and examples. When a writer personally attacks his or her opponents instead of their arguments Ad populum—Latin for "to the crowd." Writers use colloquialisms to provide context to settings and characters, and to make their writing sound more authentic. A tautology is when a sentence or short paragraph repeats a word or phrase, expressing the same idea twice. There are countless ways to satirize something; most of the time, you know it when you read it. Allegory They might do so by appealing to the senses, drawing comparisons, or highlighting patterns. Imagine reading a YA novel that takes place in modern America, and the characters speak to each other like this: “Good morning, Sue. Popular Literary Devices. Some may be characteristic of specific genres — for example, you'll often see flashbacks and foreshadowing in psychological thrillers — while others, like similes and metaphors, can be found in just about any text. side by side, and the profound contrast highlights their differences. – Posted on Mar 20, 2020. An oxymoron comes from two contradictory words that describe one thing. Quiz Review. Example: “It was a large bottle of gin Albert Cousins had brought to the party, yes, but it was in no way large enough to fill all the cups, and in certain cases to fill them many times over, for the more than one hundred guests, some of whom were dancing not four feet in front of him.” – Commonwealth, Ann Patchett. Write. Literary terms vocabulary, Literary terms word list - a free resource used in over 40,000 schools to enhance vocabulary mastery & written/verbal skills with Latin & Greek roots. Gravity. “I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed. It's personhood in figurative language only. Allusion As a result, it is probably the most common literary device in writing — you can almost always recognize a simile through the use of “like” or “as.”, Example: There are two similes in this description from Circe by Madeline Miller: “The ships were golden and huge as leviathans, their rails carved from ivory and horn. Patter. Literary Term List Every Student Should Know Allegory. Pre But whatever your motivation for learning them, you certainly won't be sorry you did! Literary Terms for Middle School Students. A vocabulary list featuring Literary Terms for High School Students. There are many more literary elements to consider, with more advanced or less-known devices such as aphorism, archetype, red herring, mood, and more. Click here to learn more about rhetorical devices. 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